The term Unique Scientific and Technical Infrastructure (Infraestructuras Científico-Técnicas Singulares, ICTS) refers to facilities, resources, or services for the development of top-quality cutting-edge research, as well as the communication, exchange, and preservation of knowledge, the transfer of technology, and promotion of innovation.

Their main objective is to make those infrastructures available to the scientific, technological and industrial communities at national and international levels. They are unique or exceptional in their fields, with a high cost of investment, maintenance, and operation, and are of a strategic importance that justifies their availability to all actors in the field of R&D&I.

The ICTSs share three fundamental characteristics; they are infrastructures with PUBLIC ownership, UNIQUE and OPEN to competitive access to the research community of both public and private sectors.

The Red de Laboratorios de Alta Seguridad Biológica (RLASB) is one of the Unique Scientific and Technical Infrastructures that constitute the Spanish ICTS map.